EffectsMark Knopfler gearRecording

Rhett Davies and the sound of the first Dire Straits album

Rhett Davies - The Sultan of Sound. Engineer on the first Dire Straits album

In the blog post about the Sultans of Swing lead guitar track that was made available through the Guitar Hero 5 game we had some interesting discussions about some technical aspects of the guitar sound. One was whether the effects we hear (compression, chorus, reverb) were added later in the mix or were recorded right with the instrument track. Unfortunately there is no direct information available so we will probably never know for sure. However, I recently read some articles or interviews with Rhett Davies – the sound engineer on the first Dire Straits album. He told a few interesting things about recording the Avalon album with Roxy Music in the early 80ies – so from ‘almost’ the same time as the Straits’ debut album (1978). I think some of these things were general preferences and might be true for the Dire Straits album as well.

Here are a few excerpts (from Sound on Sound):

One feature of Rhett Davies’ production style that surprised Bob Clearmountain when they first worked together was his willingness to print effects to tape with instrument recordings. “Generally speaking, and this applies to Avalon, if we were working on a particular sound and that sound had a delay or a reverb, I would print that with the signal. I love delays. We used the Roland Chorus Echos a lot, and I still do today, I love them.

My guess is – if it was not a Roland Jazz Chorus, as some rumour says at least for Sultans of Swing – then  it maybe was the Roland Space Echo 301 which was mentioned by Rhett Davies in an article on a Bryan Ferry solo album in 2007, while the famous Roland Dimension D was as it seems introduced later,  around 1979. Knopfler also had a 301 in his guitar rack on the Making Movies tour in 1980/81.

Quarter-note triplet delays are my favourites. [Check out my article about quarter note triplets if you are not familiar with the idea behind them] Anything that creates cross-rhythms is what I was always looking for, so if we were working with a rhythm box, I’d always be experimenting with delays, just to create something more than the plain thing that was there. Obviously it depends on the instrument, but if you’re talking about basic backing-track instruments then you’re trying to create something.

My concept was always that anybody could put the track up and push the faders up and it would sound as it’s supposed to sound. When we mixed Flesh & Blood, Bob couldn’t believe it, because nobody printed delays with the signal. If it was something like the lead vocal, I’d print that to a separate track, but we were still working on 24 tracks, and if it was a guitar and that was part of the sound it got printed. Roxy enjoyed working that way, because there’s nothing worse than thinking ‘It doesn’t sound as good as it did last week, what’s different? I’m sure that’s the same setting.’ This way, it’s always there, and it makes a faster way of working. I could put a track up in a minute and it was ready to do an overdub, so if we had musicians coming in that we wanted to try on two or three songs, it was really fast just to change the tape, and the song was ready to go. I also always used to try to keep an instrumental rough mix on tape as a working mix, so you could just whack up two faders and it was there.

So, maybe the chorus was the 301. The Space Echo 301 was – as the name suggest – mainly an echo – a tape delay to be more concrete, but it also has a chorus effect. I remember that Mark was once asked about the delay in the intro of Down to the Waterline, and his answer was:

“I have no idea what that was. Rhett Davies was the engineer on that record, and he’s in love with Roland Chorus Ensembles, so it might well have been that. I actually use a Roland onstage. ” (from this interview with Guitar Player magazine)

Roland Space Echo 301 - delay and chorus

I think if Davies tend to record effects with the instrument onto the track, the rumour of the Dan Armstrong Orange Squeezer as the compressor on this album becomes a bit more likely. Too bad we will maybe never know for sure. I did a Google search for Rhett Davies but to no avail: he does not have a personal homepage or something else which allows us to contact him, at least I have not found anything so far.

3 thoughts on “Rhett Davies and the sound of the first Dire Straits album

  1. Hi Ingo,

    interesting article about the engineer of sultans.
    The “Roland Chorus Ensemble” Mark mentions could be the Boss CE-1 though. CE stood for Chorus Ensemble and Boss was a division of Roland. The Dimension D was actually also often referenced as an “ensemble effect”, since it was quite a bit different from an usual chorus. If I’m not mistaken, the term “ensemble effect” was brought up by Roland/Boss as a name for a type of effect exclusive to them rather than a specific device.

    I have the Roland Space Echo as an UAD-Plugin and use it sometimes for weird delays. But I haven’t figured out a setting that would sound like the chorus in Sultans. It would do slap-back delays but the delay time doesn’t get short enough to make it chorusing. So I doubt the chorus on sultans was the Space Echo. Of course the actual device in the studio could be modified in some way to get shorter delay times and hence kind of a chorus. But we will never know…

  2. Hi Rainer,

    I think the UAD plug-in is a virtual 201, I think only the 301 and the 501 had the chorus. I see the CE-1 as an instrument floor device, I guess there must have been some studio rack device of the effect, too, but you are right, we will never know for sure what it was.

  3. Hi Ingo,

    that makes perfect sense. Yes the UAD-plugin is the 201. I wasn’t even aware of different versions of the Space Echo. I only knew “the” Space Echo and never looked closely 😉

    Yes the CE-1 was the pedal-version of that famous Roland Chorus though I think it was the first device with the “ensemble” term assigned to it. The Dimension D came out a littler later I think. I’ve seen a CE-1 in some studios in the 80s where it would sitting next to the patchbay. Probably because the studio owner coulodn’t afford a Dimension D or other larger Roland devices 😉
    But Roland/Boss had so many varieties of their chorus in countless packages, nobody will ever know what was in the studio at the time of the recording of Sultans.

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